Singapore is a truly international city, a global financial centre with a tropical climate and multicultural population. The city state attracts around 15 million visitors a year from around the world, roughly three times its population of 5.3 million. The population has doubled over the last 30 years and continues to rise, through natural birth rate and immigration, as many people choose the city as their new home.

  • Singapore comes from the name ‘Singapura’ – derived from the Malay words ‘Singa’ for Lion and ‘Pura’ for city, and its official mascot is the Merlion (half mermaid and half lion).
  • With a land area of about 710 square kilometres, Singapore is officially the smallest country in South East Asia and one of the smallest countries in the world – hence the nickname  “The Little Red Dot”.
  • Singapore comprises over 60 small islands!
  • Singapore’s currency is the Singapore Dollar (SGD).
  • Singapore is a Kaleidoscope of cultures. It has four main races – Chinese (majority), Malay, Indian and Eurasian. Singapore also plays host to expats from almost every part of the world, and foreign talent from certain countries.
  • Four main languages are spoken: English (major language), Mandarin Chinese, Tamil and Malay.
  • Singapore’s local version of English is commonly known as Singlish. Locals speak with sentences freckled with ‘la’, ‘leh’, ‘meh’ and ‘can or cannot’ (for yes or no).
  • The main religions practiced are Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Hinduism and Islam.
  • Although known as the Lion City, the only live lions in Singapore are found at Mandai Zoo.
  • Singapore lies almost on the equator and therefore enjoys a tropical climate with no sharply divided seasons. Temperatures range from 22 °C-34 °C (72°-93 °F). The hottest months are June and July.  Singapore’s temperatures vary from 24°C to 33°C on average, with daily averages being around 27°C. Monsoon season is typically from October to February, making those months slightly cooler.
  • Tap water in Singapore is safe to drink and one of the cleanest, although many expats still prefer to buy bottled water.
  • The orchid is the national flower of Singapore.